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Computation Tool Development for Nano-metamaterials Design

To design the metamaterials based devices for above applications, this lab has developed an in-house state-of-the-art computational design capability, which is not dependent on costly commercial software worth million of rupees. This particular computational capability is also a need-of-time for other universities conducting research and teaching activities in the nano-science and engineering.


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Nano-metamaterials based Portable Biomedical Imaging Devices

This project aims for the early-stage Breast-cancer detection. The nano-metamaterials can support compact and high resolution imaging microscopy to resolve and detect tumors at an early stage. Such product will be useful for early breast tumor detections for population at risk. It should be noted that in Pakistan each year 70,000 new cases are diagnosed and 40,000 lives are lost per annum. The key to improve patient prognosis is timely detection of breast tumors, which is not possible using conventional mammograms due to their ionizing, unsafe nature. This lab has close collaboration with medical professionals in Lahore and also with the only breast-cancer NGO (Pink Ribbon) in Pakistan.


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Nano-metamaterials for Food Contamination Detection

Industrial wastes containing heavy metals like Pb and Cr etc., that are directly added to water streams making them hazardous for consumption. Similarly, milk adulteration can have hazardous elements such as urea, detergent, formalin etc., Nano-metamaterials can significantly enhance absorption spectroscopy peak of such contaminated water and milk samples to make their detection and deep analysis (up to PPM/PPB) more sensitive and specific. The proposed lab can function as Government’s regulatory authority to detect contamination of Milk and Water. And it can also provide services to private sector which may generate own revenue for sustainability.


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Bio-MEMS/NEMS

This research focus of this project  is on Bio-MEMS, Bio-NEMS and Biomedical Engineering using multidisciplinary approaches to develop innovative solutions for biological application and public health especially cancer cell detection. The major topics of interest in this project are on design, modelling, simulation and characterization of nano-structures for biological manipulations and application using electrical methods like Electroporation for biomolecules deliveryirreversible electroporation for cancer cell lysis (killing)protein extraction from cells using electroporation and cancer cell detection using electrical methods at low voltages.


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Fractals in Photonics and Plasmonics

The collective electromagnetic response of metal/dielectric particles arranged in fractal aperiodic arrays with sub-wavelength inter-particle spacing has the potential to provide a novel angular and frequency dependence in sensing applications. In this work we would like to analyse the light scattering and orbital angular momentum spectra of various fractal patterned aperiodic arrays of nanoparticles. This study is expected to open novel opportunities for the manipulation of optical properties of fractal based deterministic aperiodic nanostructures for a range of emerging engineering applications in singular optics, secure communication, optical cryptography, and optical sensing.