Ahsan Sarwar Rana†, M. Q. Mehmood*†, Heonyeong Jeong, Inki Kim, Junsuk Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime”, Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, Article number: 2443 (2018). † = Equal Contribution. * = Corresponding Author, Impact Factor = 4.259.

Author:Ahsan Sarwar Rana†, M. Q. Mehmood*†, Heonyeong Jeong, Inki Kim, Junsuk Rho

Year:2018

DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-20748-9

Utilizing solar energy requires perfect absorption of light by the photovoltaic cells, particularly solar thermophotovoltaics (STPVs), which can be eventually converted into useful electrical energy. Ultrathin nanostructures, named metasurfaces, provide an intriguing platform to develop the miniaturized solar energy absorbers that can find potential applications in integrated photonics, optical sensing, color imaging, thermal imaging and electromagnetic shielding. Therefore, the quest of novel materials and designs to develop highly efficient absorbers at minuscule scale is an open topic. In this paper, novel absorbers using tungsten-metasurface are developed which give ultrahigh absorbance over a wide frequency spectrum. The proposed designs are two-dimensional, polarization insensitive, broadband and are predicted to give better response under high temperatures ascribed to high melting point of tungsten i.e. 3422 °C. Amongst these designs, cross alignment is found optimum for tungsten, because it is impedance matched with the free space for visible spectrum. This cross arrangement is further tweaked by changing width, height and length resulting in 7 different optimized solutions giving an average absorbance greater than 98%. One, amongst these solutions, gave a maximum average absorbance of 99.3%.

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